Annual Edition 'Buying Power of
Black America' report breaks down billions in expenditures Black
consumers are responding to tighter economic condition by focusing more of
their spending on items and services that improve their homes and
lifestyle. That's one of the trends revealed in the 15th annual report,
"The Buying Power of Black America," published by Target Market News. The
report analyzes spending for black households in 2008 and finds that
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228 S. Wabash Ave.
Chicago, IL 60604
overtakes Chicago as second largest black metropolitan area
By William H. Frey
The State of Metropolitan America (May 12, 2010) [The just released "State of Metropolitan America"
study from the Brookings Institution's Metropolitan Policy Program
portrays the demographic and social trends shaping the nation's economic
and societal metropolitan populations. The excerpt below is from the
Race & Ethnicity section of the report]
The racial and ethnic profile of the United States continued its
transformation in the 2000s, reflecting the combined impact of continued
immigration and higher fertility rates for nonwhite groups.
Racial and ethnic minorities accounted for 83 percent of U.S. population
growth from 2000 to 2008. The continued faster growth of Hispanic,
Asian, and black populations put the country as a whole on track to
reach "majority minority" status by 2042, and its children to reach that
milestone by 2023. More than three-quarters of racial and ethnic
minorities today live in the nation's 100 largest metro area.
A majority of Asians, and a near-majority of Hispanics, live in just 10
metropolitan areas. Yet the 2000s continued a slow dispersal of these
groups away from major immigrant gateway areas like Los Angeles, New
York, and San Francisco. Fast-growing areas of the South like Dallas,
Houston, Atlanta, and Washington, D.C. ranked among the largest gainers
of Asian and Hispanic population from 2000 to 2008.
Metro areas in the Southeast and the Interior West, and a few in the
Midwest, exhibited some of the most rapid gains in Hispanic and Asian
populations in the 2000s. During the latter part of the decade, however,
Hispanic and Asian growth retrenched toward major gateways like Los
Angeles, Chicago, and Miami, as the housing market collapse and
recession slowed the movement of these groups to places like Riverside,
Phoenix, and Orlando.
Blacks continue to move southward, as metro Atlanta surpassed metro
Chicago for total black population by 2008. Whites moved to many of
these "New Sun Belt" areas in large numbers as well during the 2000s,
though their population shrank in large, coastal metro areas like Los
Angeles and New York that continued to attract significant minority
For the first time, a majority of all racial/ethnic groups in large
metro areas live in the suburbs. Deep divides by race and ethnicity
still separate cities and suburbs in metro areas like Detroit, but
others like Los Angeles show much greater convergence between
jurisdictions. In a handful of cities including Atlanta, Boston, and
Washington, D.C., the share of population that is white increased during
Continued Southward Shift of Blacks The historic pattern of black settlement in the United States can be
measured more in centuries than in decades. The most prominent shifts
occurred during much of the 20th century, with the "Great Migration" out
of the South, first to cities in the Northeast and Midwest, and then to
the West. Still, through the 1960s, the South housed more than half of
the nation's black population.
In the early 1970s, African Americans began to follow white population
into the South. Since then, and especially during the 1990s, black
movement to the South has become substantial. It has occurred less in
historic "Old South" states such as Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama,
and more in "New South" growth centers such as Texas, North Carolina,
Georgia, and Florida.
This trend expanded in the 2000s. The region's share of total U.S. black
population continued to rise from 54 percent in 1990 to 57 percent in
2008. The South accounted for fully 75 percent of the nation's black
population gains from 2000 to 2008, up from 65 percent in the 1990s.
Northern destinations for blacks during the Great Migration still figure
prominently among the metropolitan areas with the largest black
populations in 2008, as do several areas in the South
The biggest shift occurred in metropolitan Atlanta, which rose rapidly
from seventh in 1990 to fourth in 2000, and in the 2000s surpassed
Chicago to house the second-largest African American population in the
United States. In the process it more than doubled its black population,
overtaking the metropolitan area whose city Martin Luther King, Jr. once
called the "Birmingham of the North."
Atlanta also far surpassed other metropolitan areas in its black
population gain during the 2000s. Its large middle-class black
population, along with its diversified and growing economy, provided a
continued draw for African Americans from across the country. Nine of
the top 10 metro areas for black population gains from 2000 to 2008 are
located in the South, including the three "New South" areas of
Charlotte, Orlando, and Tampa. These regions are attracting more
highly-educated blacks, including those from northern destinations.
Washington, D.C., Atlanta, and Dallas rank sixth, ninth, and 25th,
respectively, on the share of black adults with a bachelor's degree,
whereas Philadelphia and Detroit rank, respectively, 59th and 79th.